While choosing the career options for children, parents need to consider the child’s interest and aptitude, along with the scope and opportunities in any industry. Generally parents are aware about conventional careers like engineering, medical, accounts, finance etc. But these fields are saturated today, as the supply of trained manpower is more than the demand. Whereas the unconventional careers in the design industry is much in demand with more than hundred specialisations available for the students. Fresh design graduates earn between Rs 4 to 15 lakh per annum as a beginning, with a definite growth ahead.
To enter the design industry, one needs to test his / her aptitude, through a special design aptitude test. In this test, first the creativity quotient is identified and then the exact specialisation option in design is suggested. This test should be ideally taken by students from class IX onwards. NID (National Institute of Design) offers seven disciplines at graduate level and 17 disciplines at postgraduate level. Various specialisations like industrial design, communication design, textile and lifestyle accessory design, apparel design, IT integrated design, retail and strategic design management, etc are offered here. Other premier design schools are MIT, Srishti, and DSK.
Admissions to these design schools are purely on the basis of entrance exam of the individual school. There are 100 seats at NID and around 500 seats at the other design schools at graduate level. NIFT (National Institute of Fashion Technology) offers specialisations in apparel design, accessory design, textile design, footwear and knitwear design, fashion communication etc. There are 1,380 seats at the graduate level at NIFT. Pearl fashion school has 540 seats. There are around 3,000 seats considering all the fashion design schools in the country. J.J. School of Art, J.J. Institute of Applied Art and Rachana Sansad are the three colleges in Mumbai offering BFA degree. Other colleges are in Pune, Aurangabad, Nagpur, Sawantwadi.
Students who have good drawing skills can appear for the common entrance for art, to get admission to these colleges. Also MS University, Baroda, and Shantiniketan, Kolkata, are good institutes for degree in art. Students, who are interested in creativity, drawing, math and technicalities, can take up architecture as a career. There are three entrance exams for admission to architecture colleges viz. AIEEE (separate for architecture), NATA, MAH-AR-CAT. There are 250 private colleges across India with approximately 18,800 seats available through NATA. For admission to B.Arch / B. Plan degrees in 17 National Institutes of Technology (NIT) across India, there are approximately 1,050 seats available through AIEEE.
MAH-AR-CAT (common admission test for architecture in Maharashtra State) has to be given for admission to eight government aided colleges in Maharashtra with approximately 427 seats available. Students, who are in class XII now, can start preparing immediately and appear for the art and architecture entrance exams in May/June 12. At postgraduate level there are around 750 seats for 12 various designs specialisations at NID, IIT- IDC, MIT and DSK. For fashion design specialisations there are 1,000 seats at NIFT, NID, Pearl and SNDT etc. At postgraduate level apart from fashion design, there are two main streams i.e. visual communication and industrial design.
In industrial design, the specialisation offered are, product design, automobile and transportation design, furniture and interior design, ceramic and glass design, etc. Engineering and architecture students should ideally choose these kinds of specialisations. In communication design, the specialisations offered are graphics, animation, film and video, new media, usability and user interaction design, software interface design, etc. BFA and computer engineering or IT graduates should take these up for post graduation. B.A, B.Sc, B.Com, B.C.A, B.C.S students can do post graduation in graphics, film and video, animation, photography, toy and game design, new media and retail space design.
Students must start preparing for the design school entrance exams from class XI. As these exams are competitive, one needs to undergo a two-year preparation and practice. Moreover, nothing related to the design entrance syllabus is covered during schooling till class X. Also there are very good foreign universities for design studies at both graduate and postgraduate levels. The admission to design institutes abroad is based on a design portfolio. Again students need to prepare themselves to create a design portfolio, during their class XI and XII.
- By Kavita Redkar, area manager, Edit Silica Institute
Courtesy: Times of India