Engineering is one of the traditional disciplines, which a large number of students still aspire to get into as they complete +2. However, at present, the discipline is not just limited to its fundamental branches like civil, electrical and mechanical engineering. Rather, the fundamentals have fragmented into a number of modern concepts such as computer engineering, information technology, electronics and communication, among others. Students keen to join the DU engineering programme, this year; can take their pick from a contemporary range of courses. Engineering is offered at DU in two institutes - Delhi Technological University (DTU) and Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology (NSIT). According to Shampa Chakraverty, head of computer engineering, NSIT, computing has pervaded all areas of engineering.
The fundamental areas of engineering like civil, electrical, etc have now been revamped with more automation and are increasingly focusing on computing. Chakraverty says, "More students at the undergraduate level are opting for programmes in computer engineering, electronics and communication engineering, information technology and even bio-technology. A surge in the number of takers for these programmes can be attributed to the new industry-openings available in these sectors." Since information technology has had its boom in the last couple of years, the focus has now shifted to computer engineering and electronics and communication, which are the two emerging areas within the discipline.
Both programmes revolve around modern technology, which is one of the reasons why the number of takers is increasing every year. India is developing into a software market and the talent pool in this sector is growing as well. Globally too, interdependence between economies has grown. Besides, these days, a lot of businesses are run on the web, which is why IT - independent of time and location - has become a necessity, Chakraverty points out. According to her, people are getting interested in starting their own ventures. Another reason for the popularity of these courses is the increase in the number of communities, demanding various applications like Skype, Facebook, etc, across age groups.
The development of such applications is called middleware technology, which is attracting students. New Age career prospects in engineering include development of middleware technology, website design, electronic design automation, consultancies, embedded systems, etc. "Apart from the above, there are a lot of opportunities for enterprise. After a few years of working with an organisation, people can start their own ventures. Today, the youth realises the scope of creativity and innovation. The society has changed from people wanting to do something that makes them happy instead of just fending for themselves," she adds.
P. B. Sharma, vice-chancellor, Delhi Technological University (DTU), says that besides computer science, electronics and communication, students are also taking interest in new areas like engineering physics. The B.Tech course in engineering physics is designed to produce communication technologists, nano-scientists, and professionals who contribute towards supporting the growth of the energy sector. "A large number of students in the last couple of years have been applying to streams like computer science, IT, electronics and communication, manufacturing process and automation. Overall, 11,000 candidates had applied to various streams at the university for 15 undergraduate programmes for about 1400 seats, last year. We expect the applications to increase in the coming session," says Sharma.
Courtesy: Times of India