Just about half of the students who get admitted to undergraduate engineering courses graduate at the end of four years, according to the recently released Economic Survey of Karnataka 2011-12. Delving into the statistics of engineers who graduated in the 2010-11 batch, the survey said only 54.68% students who got enrolled in 2007 passed out successfully at the end of the four-year course. The net wastage, those who did not complete the course in time, has been put at 45.32%, whereas the attrition rate - the number of those who couldn't even make it to the final year in time - was 43.64%.
In all, 57,110 students enrolled for engineering in 2007. The number of students who entered the final year in 2011 was 32,185 and 31,230 of them passed out. Of the 25,880 students lost during the four years, some could have dropped out altogether from the course, while the rest may clear the exam at a later date. The wastage is high in civil and mechanical - 60% and 55% - which are among the most popular courses. The figures are 47%, 37% and 42% for electrical, computer and electronics streams, respectively. The final result is no better in any of the other courses as well.
A student is given eight years from the day of admission to pass the course, failing which he or she will be declared ineligible for the degree. There is no complete carryover system in engineering now. No student can carry over more than four papers and that too only from the previous year. Civil, mechanical, electrical, electronics and computer science courses together account for 83%-84% of the enrolment. While the first three are traditional courses, computer science is a post-1980 course. There are 15 other streams, including chemical engineering, biotechnology, medical electronics, silk technology and instrumentation, which have failed to attract students.
The economic survey states:
"Net wastage rates have messages for planning of investments in technical education. Guidance and counselling before admissions may be intensified. Similarly, analysis of government and aided institutions may throw light in wastage of government resources." It also said that the scheme called Technical Quality Improvement Programme conducted for engineering colleges has received poor response from colleges.
The economic survey notes a disturbing trend: total number of boys in engineering colleges is almost twice that of girls. In 2011-12, 40,707 boys joined engineering colleges as against 23,907 girls. They were 38,101 and 22,579 in 2010-11.
Students used to hand-holding and rote learning in schools will find it difficult to adjust when they are asked to think on their own. Students from other mediums of instruction mostly find it difficult to cope in the initial days. The best students are being taken by a few colleges, while other colleges are not left with many options. The low-quality input and poor facilities in colleges also contribute to the problem. R Natarajan, Chairman, Board for it education Standards
Not All Can Pass:
50% of students are meritorious. There are many who get in through management quota and reservation. You cannot expect everyone to pass all subjects in the stipulated time. But at the same time, we have to look at social justice and give admissions to all. Every year, around 10% will be filtered during exams.
Courtesy: Times of India