Agriculture Eligibility Criteria, Scope, Career Prospect, Top Colleges and Other Details.
Agricultural Engineering is the engineering
discipline that applies engineering science and technology to agricultural production
and processing. Agricultural engineering combines the disciplines of animal biology,
plant biology and mechanical, civil, electrical and chemical engineering principles
with knowledge of agricultural principles.
Agriculture is the most important sector in the Indian economy which contributes
around 23% to the Gross Domestic products and more than 70% of the total work force
is employed in this sector. Almost all rural India is dependent on agriculture and
allied activities like animal husbandry, farming, dairy, poultry and fisheries.
Being primarily an agricultural country, the growth and development of Indian economy
particularly depends upon steady growth of agriculture and other allied activities.
India being an agricultural country the significance of agricultural course is immense.
Students with an agricultural degree learn better methods in growing cash crops
like jute, sugar cane and tea.
Although Agricultural Engineering in India is
a fairly new subject, its effect is being felt in India increasingly. In recent
years it has contributed to agricultural production in the country both directly
and indirectly. Agricultural engineering courses train students in farming techniques,
crop growing, crop protection, multiple cropping and plantation techniques.
- B.E. Agricultural and Irrigation Engineering
- B.E. Agricultural Engineering
- B.Tech. Agricultural Engineering
- Diploma in Agricultural Engineering
- M.E. Agricultural Engineering
The eligibility criteria for a candidate aspiring to do a B.E in Agricultural Engineering
is 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and preferably Biology.
The candidates have to appear for the entrance examination conducted at the State
level, National level or University level. Indian Council of Agricultural Research
(ICAR), New Delhi conducts an All India Examination for admission to Agricultural
colleges (for B.Tech.) all over the country. All India Engineering Entrance Examination
(AIEEE), Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) conducted by IIT are the other two entrance
exams which are accepted by various institutes. Apart from these, each state/ institute
may conduct their own entrance examination.
Agriculture Engineering courses offers bright
career prospects and scopes to agricultural graduates. Agriculture Engineers can
build up a career in any country around the world and in a variety of sectors, no
matter whether it is private or public. Their major task is to improve farming techniques
and agricultural products and for that they combine engineering and biological science
principles so that farming is made easier, efficient and more profitable.
Some of the specializations
in agricultural engineering include:
- Agricultural equipment designing
- Conservation of soil and water
- Crop production
- Dairy Management
- Bio-renewable products
- Processing of agricultural products etc.
Some of the work
areas of agricultural engineers:
- Water resource management
- Mining and rehabilitation
- Urban and rural development
- Machine development
- Crop storage and processing etc.
The pay scale in government institutions for agricultural engineer is
20000 depending upon seniority. Agricultural engineers in private sector may get
a salary form
Top 10 Agricultural
companies in India:
- H. J. Heinz
- Advanta India Ltd.
- Phalada Agro Research Foundation Ltd.
- Poabs Organic Estates
- National Agro Industries
- DuPont India
- Rasi Seeds
- ABT Industries
Top Colleges for Agricultural Engineering in India:
- Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad.
- Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat (Assam).
- Bidhan Chandra Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, PO Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Mohanpur (West
- Birsa Agricultural University, Ranchi (Bihar).
- Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh).
- Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar (Haryana).
- Dr. Punjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola (Maharashtra).
- Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Dist.
Solan (Himachal Pradesh).
- Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar (Uttar Pradesh).
- Gujarat Agricultural University, Sardar Krushinagar, Dist. Banaskantha (Gujarat).